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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 6: Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 19 – Crimes against Family Rights and Responsibilities

Article 642- Anyone who fails to pay his wife’s nafaqa (maintenance), while he has the financial ability, subject to the wife’s tamkin (obedience), or fails to pay other members of his family that he is legally responsible to pay their nafaqa, shall be sentenced by court to three months and one day to five months’ imprisonment.

Article 643- Anyone who knowingly concludes a marriage contract between a man and a married woman, or a woman who is in her edda period [a period during which a separated or widowed woman is prohibited from remarrying], shall be sentenced to six months to three years’ imprisonment or a fine from three million to eighteen million Rials and up to 74 lashes. And if he is a director of a Marriage and Divorce Register Office or a Notary Public, he shall be permanently prohibited from directing the said offices.

Article 644- Those who knowingly commit one of the following acts shall be sentenced to six months to two years’ imprisonment or a fine of three to twelve million Rials:
1 – Any woman who is married, or during her edda period, with a man, and marries another man but no sexual relations happen.
2 – Anyone who marries a married woman or a woman who is in her edda period, but no sexual relations happen.

Article 645- In order to protect the institution of family, the registration of the marriage contract, a divorce, and revocation of the divorce is mandatory. Any man who concludes a permanent marriage, or divorces, or revokes a divorce without registering in a Register Office, shall be sentenced to up to one year of ta’zir imprisonment.

Article 646- Marriage before puberty without the permission of the guardian is forbidden. If a man violates Article 1041 of the Civil Code, and its note, and marries a girl before she reaches the age of puberty, he shall be sentenced to six months to two years’ ta’zir imprisonment.

Article 647- If before the marriage, any one of the parties to a marriage deceives the other party with unreal claims such as higher education, financial ability, social status, career or special position, being single, etc, and the marriage contract is concluded on the basis of any such claims, the offender shall be sentenced to six months to two years’ ta’zir imprisonment.