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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 4: Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 17 – Crimes against People and Children

Article 612- Anyone who commits a murder and where there is no complainant, or there is a complainant but he has forgiven and withdrawn his application for qisas, or if qisas is not executed for any reason, if his act disrupts the public order and safety of the society or it is thought that it emboldens the offender or others [to commit murder again], the court shall sentence the offender to three to ten years’ imprisonment.
Note- In this case, an accessory to the crime shall be sentenced to one to five years’ imprisonment.

Article 613- When anyone attempts a murder but does not succeed against his will, he shall be sentenced to six months to three years’ ta’zir imprisonment.

Article 614- Anyone who commits an assault and battery against someone else that results in damaging or breaking or disabling a victim’s limb or causes him a permanent illness or defect or loss of a sense or ability or loss of mind, in cases where qisas is not possible, if his act disrupts public order and the safety of the society or it is thought that it emboldens the offender or others [to commit assault again], he shall be sentenced to two to five years’ imprisonment; and if the victim applies for it, shall be sentenced to diya as well.
Note- If the injury does not result in the abovementioned defects, and the means of committing the assault is a gun or knife or the like, the offender shall be sentenced to three months to one year of imprisonment.

Article 615- When a group of people fight with each other, each participant in the fight shall be sentenced according to the following:
1- If the fight results in murder, one to three years’ imprisonment.
2- If it results in loss of a limb, six months to three years’ imprisonment.
3- If it results in assault and battery, three months to one year of imprisonment.
Note 1- If a person’s act is considered to be self-defense, then this article shall not be applicable.
Note 2- The abovementioned punishments do not interfere with qisas or diya provisions.

Article 616- If a manslaughter is committed as a result of negligence or recklessness of the offender or caused by an act for which the offender lacks the required skills, or because of disregard for the regulations, the offender shall be sentenced to one to three years’ imprisonment and also payment of diya in cases in which the uliya-ye dam [owners of blood money] apply for, unless it is a case of absolute negligence.

Article 617- Anyone who resorts to a knife or any other weapon to flaunt his strength or to disturb or blackmail or threaten people or in scuffles with someone, if not regarded as mohareb, shall be sentenced to six months to two years’ imprisonment and up to 74 lashes.

Article 618- Anyone who disrupts the order and public peace or prevents people from their business by crying out and creating a row and outrageous behavior or by assaulting other people shall be sentenced to three months to one year of imprisonment and up to 74 lashes.

Article 619- Anyone who assaults or disturbs children or women in public places or roads, or insults them with outrageous language and behaviors, shall be sentenced to two to six months’ imprisonment and up to 74 lashes.

Article 620- When the crimes referred to in articles 616 and 617 and 618 are committed by a group of people and as a result of a previous collusion, each one of the offenders shall be sentenced to the maximum punishment provided.

Article 621- Anyone who, whether personally or through someone else, forcefully or by resorting to threat or deception or any other means, abducts or conceals someone in order to blackmail or take revenge or for any reason, shall be sentenced to five to fifteen years’ imprisonment. If the victim is less than fifteen years old or if the abduction is carried out with a vehicle or if the victim is physically or sexually abused, the offender shall be sentenced to the maximum punishment provided; and if he has committed any other crimes he shall be sentenced to the relevant punishments as well.
Note- Attempted abduction is punishable by three to five years’ imprisonment.

Article 622- Anyone who, knowingly and deliberately, batters or abuses a pregnant woman and causes her to miscarriage, in addition to payment of diya or qisas, shall be sentenced to one to three years’ imprisonment.

Article 623- Anyone who causes the miscarriage of a pregnant woman by giving her drugs or other means shall be sentenced to six months to one year of imprisonment, and if knowingly and deliberately guides a pregnant woman to use drugs or other means to abort her baby shall be sentenced to three to six months’ imprisonment, unless it is proved that it was necessary to save the mother’s life; in any case the diya shall be paid according to the relevant provisions.

Article 624- If a doctor or midwife or pharmacist or those who act as doctor or midwife or surgeon or pharmacist provide the tools for abortion or perform the abortion, they shall be sentenced to two to five years’ imprisonment, and the diya shall be paid according to the relevant provisions.

Article 625- Murder and assault and battery, if committed in self-defense and in order to save the perpetrator’s or someone else’s life or honor or property, then the perpetrator shall not be punished subject to the following conditions and provided that the defense is proportionate to the danger that threatened the perpetrator.
Note- In the case of defending someone else’s property, this article is applicable [only] if the defender is responsible to protect the property or if the owner of the property calls for help.

Article 626- When an act is considered as a crime against life or honor or property, even though committed by state agents, then any form of defense shall be permitted to save the life or honor or property.

Article 627- Defense is [permitted] in the following cases:
A – The fear for life or dignity or honor or property must be based on reasonable grounds.
B – The defense is proportionate to the attack.
C – There is no way to resort to state forces or an easier way to escape.

Article 628- Resisting police forces or other law enforcement officers while they are performing their duties shall not be considered as a defense; however, if they go beyond their authority, and according to the circumstances there is a fear that their acts will cause death or injury or assault to [someone’s] honor or property, then defending against them is permitted as well.

Article 629- In the following cases, murder is not punishable provided that the defense is possible only by murdering [the attacker]:
A – Defending against a murder or severe assault and battery or severe abuse or defending the defender’s and his family members’ honor.
B – Defending against someone who wants to rape someone else.
C – Defending against someone who wants to abduct someone or steal his property.

Article 630- When a man sees her wife committing zina with another man, provided that he is certain that his wife is willing [to have sex], he can kill both of them in the same position; however if he knows that his wife acts under coercion, he may only kill the man [i.e. her rapist]. The same rule applies to assault and battery.

Article 631- Anyone who abducts or conceals a newborn baby or replaces him with another baby or declares him to be another woman’s baby instead of his real mother, shall be sentenced to six months to three years’ imprisonment; and if it is proved that the baby was dead the offender shall be sentenced to a fine of one hundred thousand to five hundred thousand Rials.

Article 632- If anyone fails to hand over a baby that had been given to him when he is asked to do so by persons who have the right to demand the baby, he shall be sentenced to three to six months’ imprisonment or a fine of one million and five hundred thousand to three million Rials.

Article 633- Anyone who, whether personally or at someone else’s order, abandons a baby or an individual who is unable to defend himself in a deserted place shall be sentenced to six months to two years’ imprisonment or a fine of three million to twelve million Rials; and if he abandons him in a residential area, he shall be sentenced to up to half of the abovementioned punishment; and if the act causes injury or death, the offender, in addition to the abovementioned punishment, shall also be sentenced to qisas or diya.

Article 634- Anyone who, without legal permission, exhumes a grave shall be sentenced to three months and one day to one year of imprisonment and if he commits any other crimes in addition to exhumation, he shall be sentenced to the punishment provided for that crime as well.

Article 635- Anyone who, violating the regulations provided for burial of the dead, buries a corpse or facilitates its burial or conceals it, shall be sentenced to a fine of one hundred to one million Rials.

Article 636- Anyone who, while being aware of the murder, conceals the corpse of a murdered person, or buries it before reporting it to the officials responsible for the investigation of crimes, shall be sentenced to three months and one day to one year of imprisonment.

Next: Chapter 5 – Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 18 – Crimes against Public Prudency and Morality