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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 2: Book 2 – Hudud, Part 1 – General Articles

Article 217- In cases of offenses punishable by hadd, the offender shall be liable only if, in addition to having knowledge, intention, and meeting the requirements for criminal responsibility, is aware of the prohibition of the conduct committed under Shari’a rules.

Article 218- In the cases of offenses punishable by hadd, if the accused claims that s/he, at the time of commission of the offense, did not have the knowledge or intention [to commit the offense], or [if s/he claims that] one of the obstacles to criminal liability exists, in the case that there is the likelihood of veracity of the claim, or if s/he claims that his/her confession has been made under threat or fear or torture, the claim shall be accepted without [resorting to] testimonies and oaths.
Note 1- In the cases of offenses of moharebeh, efsad-e-fel-arz, and indecent offenses committed by coercion, force, abduction, or deception, a mere claim cannot remove the hadd punishment and the court must carry out examination and investigation.
Note 2- Confession shall be admissible only if made before the judge in the court.

Article 219- The court cannot change the conditions, type, and amount of hadd punishments or reduce or replace, or remove the [hadd] punishment. Such punishments can only be removed, reduced, or replaced through repentance and pardon under the conditions prescribed in this law.

Article 220- Regarding the hadd punishments that are not mentioned in this law Article one hundred and sixty seven (167) of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Constitution shall be applicable.

Next: Chapter 3 – Book 2 – Hudud, Part 2 – Offences Punishable by Hadd