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Constitution of Pakistan – 1: Introduction

1. The Republic and its territories

  1.  Pakistan shall be Federal Republic to be known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, hereinafter referred to as Pakistan.
  2.  The territories of Pakistan shall comprise— (a) the Provinces of Baluchistan, the North West Frontier, the Punjab and Sind; (b) the Islamabad Capital Territory, hereinafter referred to as the Federal Capital; (c) the Federally Administered Tribal Areas; and (d) such States and territories as are or may be included in Pakistan, whether by accession or otherwise.
  3. [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] may by law admit into the Federation new States or areas on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.]

2. Islam to be State religion
2. Islam shall be the State religion of Pakistan.
2A. The Objectives Resolution to form part of substantive provisions
4[2A. The principles and provisions set out in the Objectives Resolution reproduced in the Annex are hereby made substantive part of the Constitution and shall have effect accordingly].
3. Elimination of exploitation
3. The State shall ensure the elimination of all forms of exploitation and the gradual fulfillment of the fundamental principle, from each according to his ability to each according to his work.
4. Right of individuals to be dealt with in accordance with law, etc.
4. (1) To enjoy the protection of law and to be treated in accordance with law is the inalienable right of every citizen. Wherever he may be, and of every other person for the time being within Pakistan.

(2) In particular—
(a) no action detrimental to the life, liberty, body, reputation or property of any person shall be taken except in accordance
with law;
(b) no person shall be prevented from or be hindered in doing
that which is not prohibited by law; and
(c) no person shall be compelled to do that which the law does
not required him to do.
5. Loyalty to State and obedience to Constitution and law
5. (1) Loyalty to the State is the basic duty of every citizen.
(2) Obedience to the Constitution and law is the 1[inviolable] obligation of every citizen wherever he may be and of every other person for thetime being within Pakistan.
6. High treason
6. (1) Any person who abrogates or attempts or conspires to abrogate, subverts or attempts or conspires to subvert the Constitution by use of force orshow of force or by other unconstitutional means shall be guilty of high treason.
(2) Any person aiding or abetting the acts mentioned in clause (1) shall likewise be guilty of high treason.
(3) 2[Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] shall by law provide for the
punishment of persons found guilty of high treason.

Next: Chapter 2 – Fundamental Rights
1 The provisions of the Constitution except those of Articles 6, 8 to 28, (both inclusive), clauses 2 and (2a) of
Article 101, Articles 199, 213 to 216 (both inclusive) and 270-A, brought into force with effect from 10th
March, 1985, ride S.R.O. No. 212(I)/85. dated 10th March, 1985, Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part-II,
page 279 and the aforesaid Articles brought into force with effect from 30th December, 1985, vide S.R.O.
No. 1273(I)/85 dated 29th December. 1985, Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part-I1, page 3185.
2 Subs. by the Constitution (First Amdt.) Act, 1974 (33 of 1974), s. 2, for “clauses (2), (3) and (4)” (w.e.f; the
4th May, 1974).
3 Subs. by the Revival of the Constitution of 1973 Order, 1985 (P.O. No. 14 of 1985). Art. 2 and Sch., for
4 Ins. ibid.;

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