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Constitution of Morocco – 5: The Branches: Relations Between the King and Parliament

CHAPTER FIVE
THE BRANCHES: RELATIONS BETWEEN THE KING AND PARLIAMENT

Article 67
The King may request a second reading by the two Houses of any draft bill or proposed law.

Article 68
A second reading shall be requested in a message. Such a new reading shall not be refused.

Article 69
After a second reading, the King may, by Royal Decree, submit any draft bill or proposed law to referendum, except in the case of those submitted for a new reading which shall have been adopted or rejected by a two-thirds majority of the members of each one of the two Houses.

Article 70
The results of the referendum shall be binding upon all.

Article 71
After consulting with the Presidents of the two Houses,and the Chairman of the Constitutional Council and addressing the Nation, the King may decree the dissolution of the two Houses or of one of them only.

Article 72
The election of the new Parliament or the new House shall take place, at the latest, three months after such a dissolution. The King shall, in the meantime, exercise the powers lying with the Parliament in terms of law making, in addition to those conferred upon him by this Constitution.

Article 73
When a House is dissolved, the one succeeding it shall not be dissolved until a year after its election.

Article 74
The declaration of war shall be announced after notifying the House of’ Representatives and the House of Counsellors.

RELATIONS BETWEEN PARLIAMENT AND THE GOVERNMENT

Article 75
The Prime Minister may engage the responsibility of the Government before the House of Representatives through a vote of confidence regarding a statement on a general policy or a proposal requesting the approval thereof. Confidence shall be withdrawn and a bill rejected only by an absolute majority vote of the Members of the House of Representatives. The vote shall be held three clear days after the matter of the vote of confidence has been raised. Withdrawal of confidence shall entail the resignation of the Government in a body.

Article 76
The House of Representative may put into question the pursuance of the Government’s responsibilities by adopting a censure motion. Such a motion shall be acceptable only if signed by at least one-fourth of the members of the House. The censure motion shall be approved by the House of Representatives only by an absolute majority vote of its members. Voting shall take place three clear days only after the motion has been introduced. The vote for censure shall entail the resignation of the Government in a body. Should the Government be censured by the House of Representatives, no other censure motion shall be acceptable before a year has elapsed.

Article 77
The House of Counsellors may vote warning or censure motions against the Government. The warning motion must be signed by at least one third of the members of the House of Counsellors. It shall be voted by the absolute majority of the members of the House. Voting shall take place three clear days after the motion has been introduced. The text of the warning shall be sent forthwith by the President of the House of Counsellors to the Prime Minister who shall, within six days, present before the House of Counsellors, the Government’s position concerning the reasons which prompted the warning.

The government’s statement shall be followed by a debate without a vote. The censure motion shall not be introduced unless it is signed by at least one third of the members of the House of Counsellors. It shall be approved only after a vote by a 2/3 majority of the members of the House. Voting shall take place three days after the motion has been introduced. The vote for censure shall entail the joint resignation of the Government. Should the Government be censured by the House of Counsellors, no other censure motion shall be introduced in the House of Counsellors before a year has elapsed.

Next: Chapter 6 – The Constitutional Council

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