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Constitution of Morocco – 1: General Provisions and Basic Principles

Morocco
Constitution
Adopted 13 September 1996

PREAMBLE

An Islamic and fully sovereign state whose official language is Arabic, the Kingdom of Morocco constitutes a part of the Great Arab Maghreb.  As an African state, it has, among its objectives, the realisation of African unity. Aware of the need of incorporating its work within the frame of the international organisations of which it has become an active and dynamic member, the Kingdom of Morocco fully adheres to the principles, rights and obligations arising from the charters of such organisations, as it reaffirms its determination to abide by the universally recognised human rights. Likewise, it reaffirms its determination to continue its steady endeavours towards the safeguard of peace and security in the world.

CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL PROVISIONS: BASIC PRINCIPLES

Article 1
Morocco shall have a democratic, social and constitutional Monarchy.

Article 2
Sovereignty shall be that of the People who shall exercise it directly, by means of referendum, or indirectly, through the constitutional institutions.

Article 3
Political parties, unions, district councils and trade chambers shall participate in the organisation and representation of the citizens. There shall be no one-party system.

Article 4
The law shall be the supreme expression of the will of the Nation. All shall abide by it. The law shall have no retroactive effect.

Article 5
All Moroccan citizens shall be equal before the law.

Article 6
Islam shall be the state religion. The state shall guarantee freedom of worship for
all.

Article 7
The emblem of the Kingdom shall be a red flag with a five-pointed green star in the
center. The motto of the Kingdom shall be: GOD, THE COUNTRY, THE KING.

Article 8
Men and women shall enjoy equal political rights. Any citizen of age enjoying his
or her civil and political rights shall be eligible to vote.

Article 9
The constitution shall guarantee all citizens the following:

  1. freedom of movement through, and of settlement in, all parts of the Kingdom;
  2. freedom of opinion, of expression in all its forms, and of public gathering;
  3. freedom of association, and the freedom to belong to any union or political group of their choice. No limitation, except by law, shall be put to the exercise of such freedoms.

Article 10
No one shall be arrested, put into custody or penalised except under the circumstances and procedures prescribed by law. The home shall be inviolable. A dearch warrant shall be issued and investigation ordered under the conditions and procedures prescribed by law.

Article 11
Secrecy of personal correspondence shall be preserved.

Article 12
Opportunities for employment in public offices and positions shall be uniformly open to all citizens.

Article 13
All citizens shall have equal rights in seeking education and employment.

Article 14
The right of strike shall be guaranteed. Conditions and ways of exercising such a right shall be defined by an organic law.

Article 15
The right of private property and free enterprise shall be guaranteed. The law shall put limitations to its extent and use if so required by the socio-economic development planned for the Nation. No expropriation shall be ordered except under such circumstances and provisions as prescribed by law.

Article 16
All citizens shall contribute to the defence of the Country.

Article 17
All citizens shall, according to their contributory power, bear public costs which shall be enacted and allocated only by the law, and in the manner stipulated in the provisions of the present Constitution.

Article 18
All shall, in solidarity, bear the costs resulting from disasters suffered by the Nation.

Next: Chapter 2 – Monarchy

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