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Constitution of Indonesia – 6: The People’s Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR)

The People’s Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR)

Article 19

  1. Members of the DPR shall be elected through a general election.
  2. The structure of the DPR shall be regulated by law.
  3. The DPR shall convene in a session at least once a year.

Article 20

  1. The DPR shall hold the authority to establish laws.
  2. Each bill shall be discussed by the DPR and the President to reach joint approval.
  3. If a bill fails to reach joint approval, that bill shall not be reintroduced within the same DPR term of sessions.
  4. The President signs a jointly approved bill to become a law.
  5. If the President fails to sign a jointly approved bill within 30 days following such approval, that bill shall legally become a law and must be promulgated.

Article 20A

  1. The DPR shall hold legislative, budgeting and oversight functions.
  2. In carrying out its functions, in addition to the rights regulated in other articles of this Constitution, the DPR shall hold the right of interpellation (interpelasi), the right of investigation (angket), and the right to declare an opinion.
  3. Other than the rights regulated in other articles of this Constitution, every DPR member shall hold the right to submit questions, the right to propose suggestions and opinions, and the right of immunity.
  4. Further provisions on the rights of the DPR and the rights of DPR members shall be regulated by law.

Article 21
DPR members shall have the right to propose bills.

Article 22

  1. Should exigencies compel, the President shall have the right to establish government regulations in lieu of laws.
  2. Such government regulations must obtain the approval of the DPR during its next session.
  3. Should there be no such approval, these government regulations shall be revoked.

Article 22A
Further provisions regarding the procedures to establish laws shall be regulated by law.

Article 22B
DPR members may be removed from office, according to conditions and procedures which shall be regulated by law.

Chapter VIA
The Council of Representatives of the Regions (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah or DPD)

Article 22C

  1. The members of the DPD shall be elected from every province through a general election.
  2. The total number of members of DPD in every province shall be the same, and the total membership of the DPD shall not exceed a third of the total membership of the DPR.
  3. The DPD shall hold a session at least once every year.
  4. The structure and composition of the DPD shall be regulated by law.

Article 22D

  1. The DPD may propose to the DPR Bills related to regional autonomy, the relationship of central and local government, formation, expansion and merger of regions, management of natural resources and other economic resources, and Bills related to the financial balance between the centre and the regions.
  2. The DPD shall participate in the discussion of Bills related to regional autonomy; the relationship of central and local government; formation, expansion, and merger of regions; management of natural resources and other economic resources, and financial balance between the centre and the regions; and shall provide consideration to the DPR over Bills on the State Budget and on Bills related to taxation, education, or religion.
  3. The DPD may oversee the implementation of laws concerning regional autonomy, the formation, expansion and merger of regions, the relationship of central and local government, management of natural resources and other economic resources, implementation of the State Budget, taxation, education, or religion and shall in addition submit the result of such oversight to the DPR in the form of materials for its further consideration.
  4. The members of the DPD may be removed from office under requirements and procedures that shall be regulated by law.

CHAPTER VIB General Elections

Article 22E

  1. General elections shall be conducted in a direct, general, free, secret, honest, and fair manner once every five years.
  2. General elections shall be conducted to elect the members of the DPR, DPD, the President and Vice-President, and the Regional People’s Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah or DPRD).
  3. The participants in the general election for the election of the members of the DPR and the members of the DPRDs are political parties.
  4. The participants in the general election for the election of the members of the DPD are individuals.
  5. The general elections shall be organised by a general election commission of a national, permanent, and independent character.
  6. Further provisions regarding general elections shall be regulated by law.

Next: Chapter 7 –Finances

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