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Constitution of Egypt – 10: Combat Terrorism

CHAPTER VI – Terrorism Combat

(Article 179): The State shall work to safeguard the general discipline and security in the face of the dangers of terror. The law shall regulate the provisions related to the measures of conclusion and investigation necessary for combating those dangers under the supervision of the Judiciary in a way that the measure stipulated in the first paragraph of Article 41 and Article 44 and the second paragraph of Article 45 of the Constitution is not to hinder putting those provisions into effect.

The President of the Republic may submit any crime of terror crimes to any judicial body stipulated in the Constitution or the law.

(Article 180) first paragraph: The State alone shall establish the Armed Forces which shall belong to the people. Their duty shall be to protect the country, safeguard its territory and security. No organization or group may establish military or semi-military formations.

(Article 194): The Shura Council is concerned with the study and proposal of what it deems necessary to preserve the support of the national unity and the social peace and to protect the basic components of society, its supreme values, its rights and liberties and its public duties.

The Council should approve the following:
1- Proposals of amending one or more articles of the Constitution provided that provisions in Article 189 must be applied to discussions of the amendment and the approval therein.
2- Draft laws complementary to the Constitution stipulated by Articles 5,6, 48, 62,76,85,87, 88, 89, 91, 160, 163, 167, 168, 170, 171, 172,173,175,176,177,178,179,183,196,197,198,206,207, 208,209,210 and 211 of the Constitution.
3- Treaties of peace and coalition and all agreements which indicate amendment in the State lands and related to the State sovereignty.

If a dispute happens between the People’s Assembly and the Shura Council concerning those subjects, Speaker of the People’s Assembly shall submit the matter to a joint committee to be formed by speakers of the two assemblies and membership of seven members in each assembly to be selected by its general committee in order to propose a text for provisions  subject of dispute. The final text concluded by the committee shall be reviewed by the two assemblies and if any of them does not approve the text, the matter shall be submitted to the two assemblies in a joint meeting under the chairmanship of the People’s Assembly speaker in the place specified by him and with attendance of at least the majority of members in the two assemblies and if the committee does not reach a unified text, the two assemblies are allowed to approve in their joint meeting any text approved by any of them. Voting in the two councils or in their joint committee is made by majority of attendants without discussion.

(Article 195): The Shura Council shall be consulted in the following:
1- Draft of the public plan for social and economic development.
2- Draft laws referred to the Assembly by the President of the Republic.
3- Whatever matters referred to the Council by the President of the Republic relative to the general policy of the State or its policy regarding Arab or foreign affairs. The Assembly shall submit to the President of the Republic and the People’s Assembly its opinion in such matters.

(Article 205):The provisions of the following articles of the Constitution shall apply to the Shura Council: 62, 88/second paragraph, 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 129, 130, 134), insofar as they are not incompatible with the stipulations cited in this part. The Shura Council and its Speaker shall exercise the competencies specified
in the aforementioned articles.

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