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Constitution of Algeria – 1: Algeria

TITLE I
THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES
GOVERNING THE ALGERIAN SOCIETY

CHAPTER ONE
ALGERIA

Article 1
Algeria shall be a Democratic and People’s Republic. It shall be one and indivisible.

Article 2
Islam shall be the religion of the State.

Article 3
Arabic shall be the national and official language.

Article 3[1]
Tamazight is also a national language. The State shall work for its promotion and its development in all its linguistic varieties in use throughout the national territory.

Article 4
The capital of the Republic shall be Algiers.

Article 5[2]
The national emblem and the national anthem are achievements of the Revolution of November 1, 1954. They shall be unalterable. These two symbols of the Revolution, having become those of the Republic, shall have the following characteristics:
1. The national emblem shall be green and white with a star and a crescent moon placed at the centre.
2. The national anthem shall be “Quassaman” with all its verses.

 

[1] As inserted by Article 1 of Constitutional Act No. 02-03 of April, 10, 2002.
[2] As amended by Article 1 of Constitutional Act No. 08-19 of November 15, 2008. Prior to the reform, the provision was worded as follows:
“The national emblem, the State seal and the national hymn shall be determined by an Act of Parliament.”

Next: Chapter 2- The People

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