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Penal Code of Malaysia (1936, as amended 1997; selected provisions related to women)

Sections: Chapter XVI – Offences Affecting the Human Body Chapter XX – Offences Relating to Marriage

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Penal Code of Malaysia (1936, as amended 1997; selected provisions related to women) – 1: Offences Affecting the Human Body

Causing Miscarriage; Injuries to Unborn Children; Exposure of Infants; and Concealment of Births 312.Causing miscarriage. Whoever voluntarily causes a woman with child to miscarry shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both; and if the woman be quick with child, shall be punished [...]

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Penal Code of Malaysia (1936, as amended 1997; selected provisions related to women) – 2: Offences Relating to Marriage

493.Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage. Every man who by deceit causes any woman who is not lawfully married to him, to believe that she is lawfully married to him and to cohabit or have sexual intercourse with him in that belief, shall be punished with imprisonment for a [...]

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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women)

Sections: Book 1 – Preliminary, Part 2 – Punishments Book 2 – Hudud, Part 1 – General Articles Book 2 – Hudud, Part 2 – Offences Punishable by Hadd Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 17 – Crimes against People and Children Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 18 – Crimes [...]

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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 1: Book 1 – Preliminary, Part 2 – Punishments

Article 37- If there is one, or more, mitigating factor(s), the court may mitigate or replace the ta’zir punishment as explained below in a way which is in the interest of the accused: (a) Reducing the imprisonment period from one to three degree(s) (b) Replacing the confiscation of properties with a fine of the first [...]

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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 2: Book 2 – Hudud, Part 1 – General Articles

Article 217- In cases of offenses punishable by hadd, the offender shall be liable only if, in addition to having knowledge, intention, and meeting the requirements for criminal responsibility, is aware of the prohibition of the conduct committed under Shari’a rules. Article 218- In the cases of offenses punishable by hadd, if the accused claims [...]

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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 3: Book 2 – Hudud, Part 2 – Offences Punishable by Hadd

Article 221- Zina is defined as sexual intercourse of a man and a woman who are not married to each other, and also provided that the intercourse is not done by mistake. Note 1- A sexual intercourse occurs when the sex organ (penis) of a man, up to the point of circumcision, enters into the [...]

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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 4: Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 17 – Crimes against People and Children

Article 612- Anyone who commits a murder and where there is no complainant, or there is a complainant but he has forgiven and withdrawn his application for qisas, or if qisas is not executed for any reason, if his act disrupts the public order and safety of the society or it is thought that it [...]

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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 5: Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 18 – Crimes against Public Prudency and Morality

Article 637- When a man and a woman who are not married to each other, commit indecent acts other than zina, such as kissing or sleeping next to one another, they shall be sentenced to up to ninety-nine lashes; and if the act is committed by force only the one who has used force shall [...]

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Islamic Penal Code of Iran (1991, as amended 2012; selected provisions related to women) – 6: Book 5 – Ta’azir and Deterring Punishments, Chapter 19 – Crimes against Family Rights and Responsibilities

Article 642- Anyone who fails to pay his wife’s nafaqa (maintenance), while he has the financial ability, subject to the wife’s tamkin (obedience), or fails to pay other members of his family that he is legally responsible to pay their nafaqa, shall be sentenced by court to three months and one day to five months’ [...]

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