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Constitution of Malaysia (1957) – 6: Relations Between the Federation and the States

PART VI – RELATIONS BETWEEN THE FEDERATION AND THE STATES Chapter 1 – Distribution of legislative powers Article 73 In exercising the legislative powers conferred on it by this Constitution – (a) Parliament may make laws for the whole or any part of the Federation and laws having effect outside as well as within the Federation; (b) the [...]

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Constitution of Malaysia (1957) – 5: The States

PART V – THE STATES Article 70 (1) Subject to the precedence of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and his Consort, the Rulers and Yang di-Pertua-Yang di=Pertua Negeri of the States shall take precedence over all other persons and each Ruler or Yang di-Pertua Negeri shall in his own State take precedence over the other Rulers and [...]

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Constitution of Malaysia (1957) – 4: The Federation

PART IV – THE FEDERATION Chapter 1 – The Supreme Head Article 32 (1) There shall be a Supreme Head of the Federation, to be called the Yang di- Pertuan Agong, who shall take precedence over all persons in the Federation and shall not be liable to any proceedings whatsoever in any court. (2) The [...]

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Constitution of Malaysia (1957) – 3: Citizenship

PART III – CITIZENSHIP Chapter 1 – Acquisition of Citizenship Article 14 (1) Subject to the provisions of this Part, the following persons are citizens by operation of law, that is to say: (a) every person born before Malaysia Day who is a citizen of the Federation by virtue of the provisions contained in Part [...]

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Constitution of Malaysia (1957) – 2: Fundamental Liberties

PART II – FUNDAMENTAL LIBERTIES Article 5 (1) No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty save in accordance with law. (2) Where complaint is made to a High court or any judge thereof that a person is being unlawfully detained the court shall inquire into the complaint and, unless satisfied that [...]

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Constitution of Malaysia (1957)

Sections: The States, Religion, and Law of the Federation Fundamental Liberties Citizenship The Federation The States Relations Between the Federation and the States Financial Provisions Elections The Judiciary Public Services Special Powers against Subversion, Organised Violence, and Act and Crimes Prejudicial to the Public and Emergency Powers General and Miscellaneous  Additional Protections for States of [...]

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Constitution of Malaysia (1957) – 1: The States, Religion, and Law of the Federation

PART I – THE STATES, RELIGION AND LAW OF THE FEDERATION Article 1 (1) The Federation shall be known, in Malay and in English, by the name Malaysia. (2) The States of the Federation shall be Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor and Trengganu. (3) Subject to Clause [...]

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Constitution of Iran (1979)

Preamble Sections: General Principles The Official Language, Script, Calendar, and Flag of the Country The Rights of the People Economy and Financial Affairs The Right of National Sovereignty The Legislative Powers Councils The Leader or Leadership Council The Executive Powers Foreign Policy The Judiciary Radio and Television Supreme Council for National Security Revision of the [...]

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Constitution of Iran (1979) – Preamble

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran advances the cultural, social, political, and economic institutions of Iranian society based on Islamic principles and norms, which represent an honest aspiration of the Islamic Ummah. This aspiration was exemplified by the nature of the great Islamic Revolution of Iran, and by the course of the Muslim [...]

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Constitution of Iran (1979) – 2: The Official Language, Script, Calendar, and Flag of the Country

Article 15 [Official Language] The Official Language and script of Iran, the lingua franca of its people, is Persian. Official documents, correspondence, and texts, as well as text-books, must be in this language and script. However, the use of regional and tribal languages in the press and mass media, as well as for teaching of [...]

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