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Constitution of Indonesia – 15: Constitutional Amendments and Additional Provisions

Constitutional Amendments Article 37 A proposal to amend the Articles of this Constitution may be included in the agenda of an MPR session if it is submitted by at least 1/3 of the total MPR membership. Any proposal to amend the Articles of this Constitution shall be introduced in writing and must clearly state the articles [...]

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Constitution of Indonesia – 14: National Flag, Language, Coat of Arms and Anthem

National Flag, Language, Coat of Arms and Anthem Article 35 The national flag of Indonesia shall be the Red and White (Sang Merah Putih). Article 36 The national language shall be Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia). Article 36A The national coat of arms shall be the Pancasila eagle (Garuda Pancasila) with the motto Unity in Diversity (Bhinneka Tunggal [...]

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Constitution of Indonesia – 13: The National Economy and Social Welfare

The National Economy and Social Welfare Article 33 The economy shall be organized as a common endeavour based upon the principles of the family system. Sectors of production which are important for the country and affect the life of the people shall be under the powers of the State. The land, the waters and the [...]

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Constitution of Indonesia – 12: Education

Education Article 31 Every citizen has the right to receive education. Every citizen has the obligation to undertake basic education, and the government has the obligation to fund this. The government shall manage and organise one system of national education, which shall increase the level of spiritual belief, devoutness and moral character in the context [...]

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Constitution of Indonesia – 11: State Defence and Security

State Defence and Security Article 30 Every citizen shall have the right and duty to participate in the defence and security of the state. The defence and security of the state shall be conducted through the total people’s defence and security system, with the Indonesian National Military (TNI) and the Indonesian National  Police (POLRI) as [...]

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Constitution of Indonesia – 10: Religion

Religion Article 29 The State shall be based upon the belief in the One and Only God. The State guarantees all persons the freedom of worship, each according to his/her own religion or belief. Next: Chapter 11 – State Defence and Security

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Constitution of Indonesia – 9: Citizens and Residents

Citizens and Residents Article 26 Citizens shall consist of indigenous Indonesian peoples and persons of foreign origin who have been legalised as citizens in accordance with law. Residents shall consist of Indonesian citizens and foreign nationals living in Indonesia. Matters concerning citizens and residents shall be regulated by law. Article 27 All citizens shall be equal [...]

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Constitution of Indonesia – 8: State Territory

Article 25A The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia is an archipelagic state, the boundaries and rights of whose territory shall be established by law. Next: Chapter 9 – Citizens and Residents

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Constitution of Indonesia – 7: Finances

Finances Article 23 The State Budget as the basis of the management of state funds shall be determined annually by law and shall be implemented in an open and accountable manner in order to best attain the prosperity of the people. The Bill on the State Budget shall be submitted by the President for joint [...]

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Constitution of Indonesia – 6: The People’s Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR)

The People’s Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR) Article 19 Members of the DPR shall be elected through a general election. The structure of the DPR shall be regulated by law. The DPR shall convene in a session at least once a year. Article 20 The DPR shall hold the authority to establish laws. [...]

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